Human: You’re an assistant at a law firm. Please concisely and comprehensibly describe the amendments from June 14, 2023, applied to the EU AI Act. Please then summarise those amendments in simple layperson’s terms.

The amendments to the EU’s AI Act clarify the Act’s scope, excluding certain AI systems like those developed for personal use or national security. They outline principles for trustworthy AI, specify additional safety and fairness measures for high-risk AI, and detail obligations for AI stakeholders, ensuring risk and quality management. The amendments also offer guidance for AI regulatory sandboxes with an emphasis on startups and public interest AI, and set obligations for notified bodies to ensure expertise, impartiality, and confidentiality.

Here are the more detailed description of the amendments from June 14, 2023, to the EU AI Act proposal:

Amendment group 1: Clarification of scope (Article 2)

Layman’s terms: The law does not apply to simple AI systems an individual creates for themselves, or to AI used specifically for national defense.

Amendment group 2: Addition of general principles (New Article 4a)

Layman’s terms: AI should uphold important values like human oversight, safety, privacy, transparency, fairness, and environmental responsibility.

Amendment group 3: Additional requirements for high-risk AI (Articles 8-15)

Layman’s terms: Companies making high-risk AI must thoroughly address safety, consider vulnerable people, keep records, meet security/accuracy standards, and ensure AI works even if its accuracy drops.

Amendment group 4: Additional obligations for operators (Articles 16-29)

Layman’s terms: Companies involved in making or using high-risk AI must have systems to manage risks and quality, documentation, consent, oversight, logging, and teamwork to fix problems.

Amendment group 5: Additional requirements for regulatory sandboxes (Article 53-54)

Layman’s terms: Government programs to test new AI must give priority to small companies/nonprofits with AI for social good. They can briefly use people’s data to develop this AI, with privacy protections.

Amendment group 6: Additional obligations for notified bodies (Article 33)

Layman’s terms: Groups that check if AI complies with law must have specialized staff, be impartial, keep information private, consider how AI could be misused.